The dual-language methodology, also known as education in two languages, is a system that allows the teaching of an academic curriculum or syllabus in two languages, for example, English and Spanish. Its main objective is to train bilingual children who will be able to function in the world using their mother tongue and also the language chosen as a pair, either in a traditional institute or through homeschooling.
The program should be aimed at offering biliteracy to students, which will allow them to read, write and speak in both languages. Similarly, they will have access to bilingual content and it will greatly expand the amount of information with which they can relate. It should be noted that this type of education must begin to be implemented from primary school in order to obtain more effective results.
This methodology is being established, as an instructional regime, much more frequently thanks to several reasons and the extensive amount of benefits that it offers both for the student and for the instructor in general, among them are:
- It is based on thematic teaching, which allows the content to be divided into integrated thematic units in order to follow an instructional process that exposes the child to vocabulary in two languages. This technique is used by tutors because it serves to identify the areas in which students can acquire knowledge by themselves and those in which they need support to master it. Consequently, as a result, there are teachers that are conscious about the functioning of learning.
- It gets the student to be participatory during their training process. This type of program consent teachers to connect with students with the purpose of knowing what they require and need, so that, they can help them consolidate the basis of their discernment as well as their active intervention within it.
- It defines new standards. Bilingual education requires teachers to judge the progress of their students from abroad and different perspective. When working with two dissimilar languages, they do not focus on the perfect handling of one or the other but on the understanding of both; it also encourages reading and oral expression in the same way, without enhancing one area or obscuring another.
- It promotes a better interpretative approach to what is seen and what is heard. In this way, the educator focuses on the strengths of reading by the association of sounds to help students reach a higher level of compression both in their native and in the complementary language.
- It is part of a challenging curriculum that stimulates children’s abilities in a consistent and demanding way to encourage them to work under any circumstance through the development of higher cognitive skills, achieving better and more effective performance.
- It uses both languages together. The dual methodology uses mother-tongue literacy as the basis for cementing new language literacy. For example, an online school in Washington takes the instruments of English and transforms them taking into account that the previous notion about the language system that is already used, including its grammar and spelling, can be decoded and adapted as a starting point for the acquisition of Spanish as a new language.
In addition to all the benefits described above, that teaching in two languages can provide; its cultural nature should be mentioned, as it is a widely developed branch due to the application of this type of strategic planning.